April 29 in Civil War History
- 1861Second Session of the Confederate Provisional Congress Convenes
- 1862Halleck Begins Advance on Corinth, Mississippi
- 1862Siege of Corinth Begins
- The Siege of Corinth, also known as the First Battle of Corinth or the Battle of Corinth I, was a Union offensive led by Major General Henry Halleck aimed at capturing the vital Confederate rail center at Corinth, Mississippi. Halleck's operations began on April 29, 1862 when he dispatched 125,000 soldiers from Pittsburg and Hamberg landings in three wings toward Corinth. By May 25, Halleck's force was close enough to Corinth to begin shelling the Confederate defenses and lay siege to the town. The 65,000 Confederate defenders, commanded by General P.G.T. Beauregard, were running out of water and many of them were wounded or wracked by disease. Outnumbered nearly two to one, Beauregard, realizing how tenuous his position was, evacuated the town and executed an elaborate hoax to save his army. Although Halleck captured Corinth, Beauregard's army survived to fight another day.
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