New Entries to the Encyclopedia

1st Regiment Ohio Volunteer Cavalry
In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Almost 330,000 Ohio men, including 5,092 African Americans, served in the Union military during the conflict. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 184 (U.S. War Department)
On November 8, 1862, the U.S. War Department issued General Orders No. 184, naming Major General Nathaniel P. Banks as commander of the Department of the Gulf. Continue Reading »
5th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Cavalry
In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Almost 330,000 Ohio men, including 5,092 African Americans, served in the Union military during the conflict. Continue Reading »
Canby, Edward Richard Sprigg
A career United States Army officer, Major General Edward Canby commanded the victorious Union troops during the Battle of Fort Blakely, which is often cited as the last major infantry engagement east of the Mississippi River during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Ord, Edward Otho Cresap
A career United States Army officer, Edward O.C. Ord played major leadership roles in both theaters of the American Civil War and as commander of the Department of the Ohio at the conclusion of hostilities. Continue Reading »
Army of the James
During the American Civil War, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant consolidated troops from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina to form the Army of the James to support his Overland Campaign in 1864. Continue Reading »
Army of the Gulf
An amalgamation of troops assigned to the Department of the Gulf from 1862 through 1865, the Army of the Gulf served as an occupation force in New Orleans (1862-1863) and as the main Union command during the Red River Campaign during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
General Orders No. 192 (U.S. War Department)
On May 7, 1864, the U.S. War Department issued General Orders No. 192, creating the Division of West Mississippi, Edward Canby commanding. Continue Reading »
General Orders No. 118 (U.S. War Department)
At the conclusion of the Civil War, the U.S. War Department issued General Orders No. 118 on June 27, 1865, which divided the United States into military districts and divisions. Continue Reading »
General Orders No. 20 (Headquarters of the Army)
On February 23, 1862, Major General George B. McClellan issued General Orders No. 20 (Dept. of the Army) creating the Department of the Gulf and naming Major General Benjamin F. Butler to command. Continue Reading »
General Orders No. 297 (U.S. War Department)
On December 3, 1864, the U.S. War Department issued General Orders No. 297, discontinuing the 10th and 18th Army Corps, and creating the 24th and 25th Army Corps. Continue Reading »
Army of West Virginia
The Army of West Virginia served under Brigadier-General George Crook during Major General Philip Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign in 1864. Continue Reading »
Scott, Winfield
Commander of all Federal forces at the beginning of the American Civil War, Lieutenant General Winfield Scott served as an officer in the United States Army for over fifty-three years. Continue Reading »
Fremont, John Charles
John C. Fremont was a famous American explorer, U.S. Senator from California, and controversial political general who served in both theaters of the American Civil War Continue Reading »
First Army of the Shenandoah
SEE Army of the Shenandoah (1861)»
Second Army of the Shenandoah
SEE Army of the Shenandoah (1864)»
Army of the Shenandoah (1864)
First commanded by Major General Philip Sheridan, the Army of the Shenandoah was formed in August 1864 to drive Confederate General Jubal Early's forces out of Shenandoah Valley. Continue Reading »
Army of the Shenandoah (1861)
The first Army of the Shenandoah is an unofficial designation given to troops who served in the Shenandoah Valley in 1861 and 1862 during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
General Orders No. 350 (U.S. War Department)
On October 28, 1863, the U.S. War Department issued General Orders No. 350, appointing Major General Benjamin F. Butler to command the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, as well as the 18th Army Corps. Continue Reading »
General Orders No. 194 (U.S. War Department)
On June 27, 1863, the U.S. War Department issued General Orders No. 194 replacing Joseph Hooker with George G. Meade as commander of the Army of the Potomac. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War