New Entries to the Encyclopedia

Polk, Leonidas
An ordained Episcopal bishop, Confederate Lieutenant General Leonidas Polk was killed by a Union artillery shell at Pine Mountain, near Marietta, Georgia, on June 14, 1864. Continue Reading »
Army of Georgia
The Army of Georgia, consisting of the 14th and 20th Army Corps, served as the left wing of Major General William T. Sherman's army group throughout the Savannah Campaign and the Carolinas Campaign. Continue Reading »
Anderson, Robert
Commander of Fort Sumter during the engagement that started the American Civil War, Robert Anderson also served as commander of the Department of the Cumberland in 1861. Continue Reading »
Slocum, Henry W.
One of the youngest major generals and corps commanders in the American Civil War, Henry Slocum led Union troops in many key battles of the Eastern and Western Theaters. Continue Reading »
Army of the Tennessee
Composed primarily of Midwesterners, the Army of the Tennessee participated in nearly all of the major campaigns in the Western Theater during the American Civil War from 1861 through 1865. Continue Reading »
General Orders No. 51
On March 28, 1865, at the request of Major General William T. Sherman, the War Department issued General Orders No. 51, designating the 14th and 20th Army Corps (formerly of the Army of the Cumberland) as the newly created Army of Georgia. Continue Reading »
Special Field Orders No. 120 (Division of the Mississippi)
On November 9, 1864, Major General William T. Sherman issued Special Orders No. 120, establishing the chain-of-command, objectives, and directives for the Savannah Campaign. Continue Reading »
Ninth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Cavalry (Three Years Service)
SEE 9th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Cavalry (Three Years Service)»
9th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Cavalry (Three Years Service)
In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Almost 330,000 Ohio men, including 5,092 African Americans, served in the Union military during the conflict. Continue Reading »
General Orders No. 2 (Division of the Mississippi, 1863)
On October 19, 1863, Ulysses S. Grant issued General Orders No. 2, naming William T. Sherman to succeed him as commander of the Department and Army of the Tennessee. Continue Reading »
General Orders No. 96
On May 19, 1865 the War Department issued General Orders No. 96, making John A. Logan the last commander of the Army of the Tennessee. Continue Reading »
Special Field Orders No. 44
On July 26, 1864, William T. Sherman issued Special Field Orders No. 44, assigning Oliver O. Howard to command of the Army of the Tennessee. Continue Reading »
General Orders No. 98
On March 12, 1864, the War Department issued General Orders No. 98, relieving Henry Halleck of his position of General-in-chief of the Army, promoting William T. Sherman to command of the Division of the Mississippi, and assigning James B. McPherson to command the Army of the Tennessee. Continue Reading »
Fourth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Cavalry
SEE 4th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Cavalry»
4th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Cavalry
In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Almost 330,000 Ohio men, including 5,092 African Americans, served in the Union military during the conflict. Continue Reading »
General Orders No. 1 (Division of the Mississippi, 1864)
On March 18, 1864, Major General William T. Sherman issued General Orders No. 1 taking command of the Division of the Mississippi. Continue Reading »
Foster, John Gray
A prominent general officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War, John G. Foster served briefly as commander of the Department of the Ohio from December 12, 1863 to February 9, 1864. Continue Reading »
Wright, Horatio Gouverneur
A prominent general officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War, Horatio Wright served briefly as commander of the Department of the Ohio from August 19, 1862 to March 12, 1863. Continue Reading »
General Orders No. 12
On March 17, 1864, Lieutenant-General Ulysses S. Grant issued General Orders No. 12, taking command of the armies of the United States, as authorized by President Abraham Lincoln. Continue Reading »
Lincoln's Executive Order Naming Ulysses S. Grant as Commander of U.S. Armies
On March 10, 1864, President Abraham Lincoln issued an executive order appointing Lieutenant-General Ulysses S. Grant to command the armies of the United States. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War