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Army of the Ohio 1861 - 1862
During the American Civil War, there were two Union armies designated as the Army of the Ohio. The first Army of the Ohio existed during the years 1861 and 1862. Continue Reading »
Army of the Cumberland
During the American Civil War, the Army of the Cumberland participated in nearly all of the major campaigns in the Western Theater. Continue Reading »
Polk, Leonidas
An ordained Episcopal bishop, Confederate Lieutenant General Leonidas Polk was killed by a Union artillery shell at Pine Mountain, near Marietta, Georgia, on June 14, 1864. Continue Reading »
Army of Georgia
The Army of Georgia, consisting of the 14th and 20th Army Corps, served as the left wing of Major General William T. Sherman's army group throughout the Savannah Campaign and the Carolinas Campaign. Continue Reading »
Lincoln, Abraham
Rising from humble beginnings, Abraham Lincoln was elected as the 16th President of the United States in 1860. Lincoln’s election prompted the secession of several Southern states and eventually the beginning of the American Civil War. Lincoln served as president and commander-in-chief throughout most of the conflict before an assassin’s bullet tragically cut his life short on April 15, 1865. Continue Reading »
McClellan, George B.
During the American Civil War, George Brinton McClellan twice served as the commanding general of the Army of the Potomac and briefly as the general-in-chief of all Union armies. Continue Reading »
McDowell, Irvin
Irvin McDowell was a prominent Union general during the American Civil War and a career army officer. He commanded the Army of the Potomac during the First Battle of Bull Run and was relieved of his command after this Union defeat. Continue Reading »
Bull Run I, Battle of
The Battle of Bull Run I, also known as the Battle of Manassas I, was the first major land engagement of the American Civil War. Fought near the town of Manassas, Virginia, on July 21, 1861, the battle resulted in a decisive Confederate victory. Continue Reading »
Fort Sumter, Battle of
Fought from April 12-13, 1861, the Battle of Fort Sumter was the first engagement of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Slocum, Henry W.
One of the youngest major generals and corps commanders in the American Civil War, Henry Slocum led Union troops in many key battles of the Eastern and Western Theaters. Continue Reading »
Seventh Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Years Service)
SEE 7th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Years Service)»
Bragg, Braxton
Braxton Bragg was a Confederate general during the American Civil War who served as a principal commander in the Western theater and later as a military advisor to Confederate President Jefferson Davis. During 1862 and 1863 especially, Bragg opposed various Northern armies led by Ohioans Ulysses S. Grant and William Rosecrans. Continue Reading »
Anderson, Robert
Commander of Fort Sumter during the engagement that started the American Civil War, Robert Anderson also served as commander of the Department of the Cumberland in 1861. Continue Reading »
Grant, Ulysses S.
Ohioan Ulysses S. Grant was an American military and political leader during the nineteenth century. Rising from humble beginnings, a lackluster military career, and an undistinguished civilian life prior to the American Civil War, Grant emerged to become General of the Army, eighteenth President of the United States, and, perhaps, the most famous person in the world during his time. Continue Reading »
Logan, John Alexander
Often referred to as "Black Jack" by his men, Major General John A. Logan rose from a volunteer with the Illinois Infantry in 1861, to command the Union Army of the Tennessee by the end of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Army of the Tennessee
Composed primarily of Midwesterners, the Army of the Tennessee participated in nearly all of the major campaigns in the Western Theater during the American Civil War from 1861 through 1865. Continue Reading »
Wilson's Raid
On March 12, 1864, President Abraham Lincoln appointed Ulysses S. Grant as General-in-Chief of the Armies of the United States. Upon his arrival in Washington, Grant drafted a plan to have the various Union armies in the field to act in concert and strike the Confederacy from several directions: Continue Reading »
Selma, Battle of
The Battle of Selma took place in Selma, Alabama on April 2, 1865, during the American Civil War. Major General James H. Wilson's Union cavalrymen attacked Lieutenant General Nathan Bedford Forrest's greatly outnumbered Confederate cavalry force defending the city. Continue Reading »
General Orders No. 51
On March 28, 1865, at the request of Major General William T. Sherman, the War Department issued General Orders No. 51, designating the 14th and 20th Army Corps (formerly of the Army of the Cumberland) as the newly created Army of Georgia. Continue Reading »
Special Field Orders No. 120 (Division of the Mississippi)
On November 9, 1864, Major General William T. Sherman issued Special Orders No. 120, establishing the chain-of-command, objectives, and directives for the Savannah Campaign. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War