Recently Updated Entries in the Encyclopedia

McPherson, James Birdseye
Killed during the Battle of Atlanta on July 22, 1864, Commander of the Army of the Tennessee Major General James Birdseye McPherson was the highest-ranking Union officer to die in the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Lyon, Nathaniel
Infamous for his quick temper, Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon was killed during the Battle of Wilson's Creek, on August 9, 1861, making him the first Union general to die in combat during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Kilpatrick, Hugh Judson
A prominent Union cavalry officer, Major General Judson Kilpatrick served extensively in the eastern and western theaters of the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Kautz, August Valentine
A prominent cavalry officer, Ohioan August Kautz served in the Union military in the Eastern and Western Theaters during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Hurlbut, Stephen A.
Stephen A. Hurlbut was a political general who had a checkered career serving in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Hunter, David
David Hunter was a Union general, who, as commander of the Department of the South, issued General Order Number 11, on May 9, 1862, which declared the slaves in Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina to be emancipated. President Lincoln quickly rescinded the order. Continue Reading »
Howard, Oliver Otis
Major General Oliver O. Howard, a Medal of Honor recipient, commanded Union troops in both the Eastern and Western Theaters of the American Civil War and served as the only commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau during Reconstruction. Continue Reading »
Gregg, David McMurtrie
Brevet Major General David McMurtrie Gregg was the longest tenured Federal cavalry division commander during the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Garnett, Richard Brooke
In the American Civil War, Confederate Brigadier-General Richard B. Garnett was mortally wounded during Pickett's Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg on July 3, 1863. Continue Reading »
Fremantle, Arthur
General Sir Arthur Lyon Fremantle was a British army officer and author of Three Months in the Southern States, a popular book based upon his travels through the Confederate States of America during the spring and summer of 1863. Continue Reading »
Franklin, William B.
As commander of the 6th and 19th Army Corps, William B. Franklin served the Union in the Eastern and Western Theaters of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Floyd, John Buchanan
A political appointee with little military experience prior to the American Civil War, Brigadier-General John B. Floyd is most remembered for abandoning Fort Donelson in 1861 to avoid being captured by Federal soldiers. Continue Reading »
Ewing,Thomas Sr.
Thomas Ewing Sr. was an influential Ohio lawyer and politician who served in the United States Senate, as United States Secretary of the Treasury, and as United States Secretary of the Interior. Continue Reading »
Custer, George Armstrong
Forever linked with Custer's Last Stand, General George Armstrong Custer was a flamboyant and widely renowned American army officer during and after the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Custer, Thomas
Younger brother of General George Armstrong Custer, Thomas Ward Custer was twice awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for gallantry during the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Crook, George
George Crook was a noted officer in the United States Army during the American Civil War and the Indian Wars in the American West during the last half of the nineteenth century. Continue Reading »
Rich Mountain, Battle of
The Battle of Rich Mountain was fought on July 11, 1861, in Randolph County, Virginia (now West Virginia). Continue Reading »
Cox, Jacob Dolson
Jacob Cox was a nineteenth century American political and military leader who served as a brigadier general in the U.S. volunteer army during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Couch, Darius Nash
Darius N. Couch was a prominent Union general during the American Civil War, who served as a corps commander with the Army of the Potomac in the Eastern Theater and as a division commander with the 23rd Army Corps in the Western Theater. Continue Reading »
Corwin, Thomas
Long-time Ohio politician Thomas Corwin sponsored the Corwin Amendment in the U.S, House of Representatives in 1861 as an eleventh-hour attempt to avert the American Civil War. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War