Recently Updated Entries in the Encyclopedia

Fort Stedman, Battle of
Fought on March 25, 1865, the Battle of Fort Stedman was a failed Confederate assault on Union fortifications east of Petersburg, Virginia, which brought about an end to the Petersburg Campaign. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 109 (U.S. War Department)
On August 16, 1862, the U.S. War Department issued General Orders, No. 109 announcing that President Abraham Lincoln authorized military commanders to seize property in states in rebellion for military purposes. The order also authorized military leaders to employ laborers of African descent for military purposes. Continue Reading »
Curtis, Samuel R.
Perhaps one of the more underrated Union officers of the American Civil War, Major General Samuel R. Curtis played a prominent role in securing and maintaining Federal control of the border state of Missouri throughout the conflict. Continue Reading »
Rosecrans, William
William S. Rosecrans was a prominent Union general who, perhaps unfairly, is best remembered for his role during the Union defeat at the Battle of Chickamauga. Continue Reading »
Confederate Heartland Offensive
The Confederate Heartland Offensive, also known as the Kentucky Campaign, was a Confederate invasion of the border state of Kentucky in 1862. Confederate Generals Braxton Bragg and Kirby Smith planned to unite their armies in Kentucky to defeat Major General Don Carlos Buell's Army of the Ohio and to deliver Kentucky to the Confederacy. Continue Reading »
Official Documents of the Civil War Indexed Alpha-numerically
Below is an annotated list of Civil War executive, general, and special orders related to entries in Ohio Civil War Central. The list is indexed alpha-numerically. Click on any link to view a transcript of the selected document. Continue Reading »
Official Documents of the Civil War Indexed by Date
Below is an annotated list of Civil War executive, general, and special orders related to entries in Ohio Civil War Central. The list is indexed by date. Click on any link to view a transcript of the selected document. Continue Reading »
President Johnson's Executive Order Appointing John A. Bingham as a Special Judge-Advocate for the Prosecution of President Lincoln's Accused Assassins
On May 7, 1865, President Andrew John issued an executive order appointing John A. Bingham as a special judge-advocate for the prosecution of President Abraham Lincoln's accused assassins. Continue Reading »
President Lincoln's Executive Order Acknowledging the Service of the Ohio National Guard Who Recently Served In the Military Force of the United States as Volunteers for One Hundred Days
On September 10, 1864, President Lincoln issued an executive order acknowledging the patriotic and valuable service of Ohio National Guardsmen. Continue Reading »
President Lincoln's Executive Order Tendering Thanks to William T. Sherman
On September 3, 1864, President Lincoln issued an executive order offering the thanks of the nation to William T. Sherman for his successful campaign in Georgia that led to the capture of Atlanta. Continue Reading »
President Lincoln's Executive Order to Arrest and Imprison the Editors of the New York World and New York Journal of Commerce
On May 18, 1864, President Lincoln issued an executive order commanding Major General John A. Dix to arrest and imprison the editors, proprietors, and publishers of the New York World and New York Journal of Commerce newspapers for printing false stories giving comfort to the enemies of the U.S. Continue Reading »
President Lincoln's Executive Order Mandating the Execution of Rebel Soldiers in Retaliation for the Execution of Union Soldiers
On July 30, 1863, President Lincoln issued an executive order mandating that for every U.S. soldier killed in violation of the laws of war, a Rebel soldier would be executed. Continue Reading »
President Lincoln's Executive Order Prohibiting Citizens Liable for the Draft from Leaving the United States, and Suspending the Writ of Habeas Corpus
On August 8, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued an executive order prohibiting citizens liable for the draft from leaving the United States, and suspending the writ of habeas corpus for persons arrested for disloyal practices. Continue Reading »
President Lincoln's Executive Order Authorizing a Draft
On August 4, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued an executive authorizing a draft of 300,000 militia be immediately called into the service of the United States. Continue Reading »
President Lincoln's Executive Order Authorizing General Winfield Scott To Suspend the Writ of Habeas Corpus between Philadelphia and Washington
On April 27, 1861, President Abraham Lincoln issued an executive authorizing General Winfield Scott to suspend the writ of habeas corpus if necessary to ensure the public safety between Philadelphia and Washington, DC. Continue Reading »
President Lincoln's Executive Order Authorizing General Winfield Scott To Suspend the Writ of Habeas Corpus between New York and Washington
On July 2, 1861, President Abraham Lincoln issued an executive authorizing General Winfield Scott to suspend the writ of habeas corpus if necessary to ensure the public safety between New York City and Washington, DC. Continue Reading »
Presidential Proclamation 108
On December 8, 1863, Abraham Lincoln issued Presidential Proclamation 108 offering amnesty and the restoration of property (except slaves) to certain people who participated in the rebellion against the U.S., upon swearing their allegiance. Continue Reading »
Presidential Proclamation 104
On September 15, 1863, Abraham Lincoln issued Presidential Proclamation 104 suspending the writ of habeas corpus throughout the United States for persons resisting the draft or for any offense against the military. Continue Reading »
Presidential Proclamation 95 (Emancipation Proclamation)
Issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation stated that people held in slavery in areas designated in rebellion against the United States to be freed from bondage. Continue Reading »
Presidential Proclamation 94
On September 24, 1862, Abraham Lincoln issued Presidential Proclamation 94 declaring that people suspected of being disloyal to the U.S. were subject to martial law and that the writ of habeas corpus was suspended for all such persons. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War