2nd Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service)

Also Known As: Second Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service)

Updated: November 25, 2010

With the American Civil War's outbreak, neither the North nor the South had sufficient military forces to conduct a war. Both the United States of America and the Confederate States of America, at first, relied upon volunteers either to form or to bolster their respective militaries.

With the American Civil War's outbreak, neither the North nor the South had sufficient military forces to conduct a war. Both the United States of America and the Confederate States of America, at first, relied upon volunteers either to form or to bolster their respective militaries. Typically, individual states would recruit and send volunteers to their respective federal governments. Initially, many states relied on militia forces. Historically, every British colony in North America had established a militia. The militia usually consisted of adult, able-bodied men, who would rally to defend the colonies and, following the American Revolution, states during military crises. By the start of the American Civil War, unfortunately for both the Confederate States of America and the United States of America, most state militias were in a decline and unprepared for a major war.

In Ohio, Governor William Dennison hoped to supply the United States government with men and supplies from the Ohio militia. Ohio's militia system was virtually nonexistent by 1861. While militia forces played a vital role in Ohio's history from the American Revolution to the War of 1812, most major military threats to Ohio's security ended with the War of 1812. Following this conflict, the federal government quickly removed most Native Americans further west, and in the decades immediately following the war, no European or other major power attacked the United States. Facing no serious internal or external threats, most states, including Ohio, allowed their militia organizations to weaken. Most militia groups became mere social organizations and did not actively practice or study military maneuvers or tactics.

Dennison quickly discovered that Ohio's militia system could not play an active role in the American Civil War. Following the Battle of Fort Sumter and President Abraham Lincoln’s call for seventy-five thousand volunteers to return the seceded states to the Union in April 1861, Ohio's governor sent Jacob Cox, a state politician, and George McClellan, a former United States Army officer and current businessman, to Ohio's arsenal to assess the availability of weapons and supplies. Cox and McClellan found three or four crates of smoothbore muskets, a number of inoperable six-pound cannons, and some mildewed horse harnesses. Upon learning of the dire condition of the state's military supplies, Dennison still encouraged Ohioans to reestablish militia units to defend the state from Southern attack and to assist the federal government in reuniting the nation.

Ohioans quickly responded to the governor's and the federal government's call for troops. Some of these militia units that rallied to reunite the nation formed the basis of the 2nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Among the militia organizations forming this regiment were the Rover Guards, the Zouave Guards, the Lafayette Guards, the Columbus Videttes, the Columbus Fencibles, the Springfield Zouaves, and the Covington Blues. Officials organized the 2nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry on April 18, 1861, in Columbus, Ohio.

On April 19, 1861, Governor Dennison dispatched the 2nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry to Washington, D.C. While traveling to the nation's capital, on April 29, 1861, the regiment was formerly mustered into the United States military while traveling through Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

The 2nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment participated in the Battle of First Bull Run on July 21, 1861. At Bull Run, this regiment suffered two men killed, four wounded, eight captured, and one man missing. Having only enlisted for three months of duty, on July 31, the 2nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment mustered out of service, but many of its former members quickly enlisted in other regiments.

2nd Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service):

Roster of Officers:

Name

Rank

Age

Date of Entering Service

Term of Service

Lewis Wilson

Colonel


April 17, 1861

Three months

Rodney Mason

Lieutenant Colonel

37

April 17, 1861

Three months

Augustus C. Parry

Major

35

April 17, 1861

Three months

Clark McDermot

Surgeon


April 17, 1861

Three months

James D. Webb

Assistant Surgeon


April 17, 1861

Three months

Horace K. Thatcher

Adjutant


April 17, 1861

Three months

Dilmer D. Mitchell

Adjutant

20

April 17, 1861

Three months

Maxwell P. Gladdis

Chaplain

29

June 6, 1861

Three months

Charles N. Berg

Sergeant Major


April 17, 1861

Three months

Charles W. Douty

Sergeant Major

26

April 17, 1861

Three months

John M. Hubbell

Quartermaster Sergeant


April 17, 1861

Three months

William Scott

Hospital Steward


May 1, 1861

Three months

John R. Doggott

Principal Musician

36

May 20, 1861

Three months

Jerome F. Dandelet

Fife Major

19

April 17, 1861

Three months

George M. Finch

Captain

25

April 17, 1861

Three months

Henry Thrall

Captain

22

April 17, 1861

Three months

Ackber O. Mitchell

Captain

28

April 17, 1861

Three months

James G. Baldwin

Captain

26

April 17, 1861

Three months

Charles Haltenhof

Captain

35

April 17, 1861

Three months

Edwin C. Mason

Captain

21

April 17, 1861

Three months

John Q. Black

Captain

35

April 17, 1861

Three months

Anson G. McCook

Captain

25

April 17, 1861

Three months

Leonard A. Harris

Captain

37

April 17, 1861

Three months

William Baldwin

Captain

27

April 17, 1861

Three months

Thomas F. Brand

First Lieutenant

26

April 17, 1861

Three months

Alexander S. Berryhill

First Lieutenant

40

April 17, 1861

Three months

William A. Smith

First Lieutenant

38

April 17, 1861

Three months

Thomas A. Gamble

First Lieutenant

28

April 17, 1861

Three months

Jacob E. Taylor

First Lieutenant

38

April 17, 1861

Three months

Howard D. John

First Lieutenant

31

April 17, 1861

Three months

Joseph E. Riggs

First Lieutenant

23

April 17, 1861

Three months

Benjamin Ruh

First Lieutenant

38

April 17, 1861

Three months

James K. Jones

First Lieutenant

25

April 17, 1861

Three months

Alfred G. Tuther

First Lieutenant

21

April 17, 1861

Three months

Edwin D. Saunders

First Lieutenant

25

April 17, 1861

Three months

Frederick S. Wallace

Second Lieutenant

23

April 17, 1861

Three months

Thomas C. Platt

Second Lieutenant

20

April 17, 1861

Three months

Dellmer D. Mitchell

Second Lieutenant

20

April 17, 1861

Three months

Garrett V.S. Aiken

Second Lieutenant

18

April 17, 1861

Three months

Jacob Waldemann

Second Lieutenant

26

April 17, 1861

Three months

Harlan P. Christie

Second Lieutenant

22

April 17, 1861

Three months

Milton McCoy

Second Lieutenant

21

April 17, 1861

Three months

Arthur Carnahan

Second Lieutenant

23

April 17, 1861

Three months

John Herrel

Second Lieutenant

32

April 17, 1861

Three months

Henry Ashton

Second Lieutenant

25

April 17, 1861

Three months

 

Cite this Entry

MLA Style

"2nd Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service)," Ohio Civil War Central, 2014, Ohio Civil War Central. 1 Aug 2014 <http://www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com/entry.php?rec=55>

APA Style

"2nd Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry (Three Months Service)." (2014) In Ohio Civil War Central, Retrieved August 1, 2014, from Ohio Civil War Central: http://www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com/entry.php?rec=55

Comments powered by Disqus

Related Entries

Categories

Topics

This entry has not been associated with any topics.

Time Periods

This entry has not been associated with any time periods.

Regions

This entry has not been associated with any geographic regions.

Help support the ongoing development of Ohio Civil War Central by clicking the banner and then purchasing products from Amazon.com.

Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War