Recently Updated Entries in the Encyclopedia

Army of Northeastern Virginia
The Army of Northeastern Virginia was the unofficial name of the Union's primary fighting force in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War prior to the formation of the Army of the Potomac. Continue Reading »
McClellan, George B.
During the American Civil War, George Brinton McClellan twice served as the commanding general of the Army of the Potomac and briefly as the general-in-chief of all Union armies. Continue Reading »
Army of the Potomac (USA)
The Army of the Potomac was the Union's primary fighting force in the Eastern Theater throughout most of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 19 (Headquarters of the Army)
On November 1, 1861, Major General George B. McClellan issued General Orders, No. 19 (Headquarters of the Army) announcing that he was assuming command of the Armies of the United States. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 15 (Headquarters of the Army)
On August 17, 1861, Lieutenant General Winfield Scott issued General Orders, No. 15 (Headquarters of the Army) announcing the creation of the Department of the Potomac commanded by Major General George B. McClellan. Continue Reading »
Official Union Documents of the Civil War Indexed Alpha-numerically
Below is an annotated list of links to official Union Civil War documents related to entries in Ohio Civil War Central. The list is indexed alpha-numerically. Click on any link to view a transcript of the selected document. Continue Reading »
Official Union Documents of the Civil War Indexed by Date
Below is an annotated list of links to official Union Civil War documents related to entries in Ohio Civil War Central. The list is indexed by date. Click on any link to view a transcript of the selected document. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 1 (Army of the Potomac)
On August 20, 1861, Major General George McClellan issued General Orders, No. 1 (Army of the Potomac) announcing that he was assuming command of the newly-created Army of the Potomac. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 1 (Division of the Potomac)
On July 27, 1861, Major General George B. McClellan issued General Orders, No. 1 (Division of the Potomac) announcing that he was assuming command of the Division of the Potomac. Continue Reading »
Official Confederate Documents of the Civil War Indexed Alpha-numerically
Below is an annotated list of links to official Confederate Civil War documents related to entries in Ohio Civil War Central. The list is indexed alpha-numerically. Click on any link to view a transcript of the selected document. Continue Reading »
Official Confederate Documents of the Civil War Indexed by Date
Below is an annotated list of links to official Confederate Civil War documents related to entries in Ohio Civil War Central. The list is indexed by date. Click on any link to view a transcript of the selected document. Continue Reading »
Bull Run I, Battle of
The Battle of Bull Run I, also known as the Battle of Manassas I, was the first major land engagement of the American Civil War. Fought near the town of Manassas, Virginia, on July 21, 1861, the battle resulted in a decisive Confederate victory. Continue Reading »
Chancellorsville, Battle of
Despite losing General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson to a mortal injury, the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia defeated the Army of the Potomac, at the Battle of Chancellorsville (April 30 - May 6, 1863). Continue Reading »
Fredericksburg, Battle of
The most one-sided Confederate victory in the American Civil War, the Battle of Fredericksburg, was fought in and around the town of Fredericksburg, Virginia, from December 11 to December 15, 1862. Continue Reading »
Reynolds, John Fulton
One of the Union's leading general officers, Major General John F. Reynolds was killed during the first day of fighting at the Battle of Gettysburg on July 1, 1863. Continue Reading »
Hooker, Joseph
Joseph Hooker was a prominent Union officer who commanded the Army of the Potomac from January 26, 1863 to June 28, 1863 during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Gettysburg Campaign
Confederate General Robert E. Lee's second invasion of the North, the Gettysburg Campaign climaxed with the Battle of Gettysburg (July 1 - July 3, 1863). Continue Reading »
Gettysburg, Battle of
Often referred to as the turning point in the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg was fought in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, from July 1 to July 3, 1863. Continue Reading »
Meade, George Gordon
Victorious commander at the Battle of Gettysburg, Major General George G. Meade commanded the Army of the Potomac throughout the Gettysburg, Bristoe, Mine Run, Overland, Petersburg, and Appomattox Campaigns. Continue Reading »
Irish Brigade
Composed mostly of Irishmen from New York, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania, including eleven Congressional Medal of Honor recipients, the Irish Brigade suffered the third-highest number of battlefield casualties of any Union brigade during the Civil War. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War