With the Civil War's outbreak, both the North and the South were ill prepared for the conflict. Ohio Governor William Dennison hoped to utilize the state's militia forces to assist President Abraham Lincoln in reuniting the nation.
Located in Newark, Ohio, Camp Sherman was a Northern military training base during the American Civil War.
With the Civil War's outbreak, both the North and the South were ill prepared for the conflict. Ohio Governor William Dennison hoped to utilize the state's militia forces to assist President Abraham Lincoln in reuniting the nation. Unfortunately for Dennison, many of Ohio's militia units were no longer in existence. Those units that continued to operate were primarily social organizations that rarely practiced military maneuvers. Following the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina, in April 1861, President Lincoln called for seventy-five thousand volunteers to subdue the Confederate States of America. Despite the lack of a well-trained militia, Governor Dennison beseeched communities to send their militia companies to Columbus, Ohio for possible use by the North during the American Civil War.
To process Ohio's volunteers, Governor Dennison ordered the creation of Camp Jackson at Columbus. To help speed soldiers' inductions into Ohio's military, Dennison soon authorized the establishment of other camps across the state, including Camp Sherman. Officials named Camp Sherman after United States Senator and Ohioan John Sherman. Located inside in a large round circular earthworks created by Hopewell Indians nearly two thousand years earlier, Camp Sherman remained operational from late 1861 to early 1862. Most men who received training at Camp Sherman came from Licking County. The bulk of these recruits eventually joined the Seventy-Sixth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
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"Camp Sherman," Ohio Civil War Central, 2020, Ohio Civil War Central. 18 Sep 2020 <http://www.www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com/entry.php?rec=17>
"Camp Sherman." (2020) In Ohio Civil War Central, Retrieved September 18, 2020, from Ohio Civil War Central: http://www.www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com/entry.php?rec=17
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