With the Civil War’s outbreak, both the North and the South were ill prepared for the conflict. Ohio Governor William Dennison hoped to utilize the state’s militia forces to assist President Abraham Lincoln in reuniting the nation.
With the Civil War’s outbreak, both the North and the South were ill prepared for the conflict. Ohio Governor William Dennison hoped to utilize the state’s militia forces to assist President Abraham Lincoln in reuniting the nation. Unfortunately for Dennison, many of Ohio’s militia units were no longer in existence. Those units that continued to operate were primarily social organizations that rarely practiced military maneuvers. Following the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina, in April 1861, President Lincoln called for seventy-five thousand volunteers to subdue the Confederate States of America. Despite the lack of a well-trained militia, Governor Dennison beseeched communities to send their militia companies to Columbus, Ohio for possible use by the North during the American Civil War.
To process Ohio’s volunteers, Governor Dennison ordered the creation of Camp Jackson at Columbus. To help speed soldiers’ inductions into Ohio’s military, Dennison soon authorized the establishment of other camps across the state, including Camp Massillon at Massillon, Ohio. Camp Massillon remained in use only during 1862. Officials named the base in honor of the city of Massillon. The camp was located at modern-day Oak Knoll Park in Massillon. The 104th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, the 113th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and the 115th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry organized at Camp Massillon.
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"Camp Massillon," Ohio Civil War Central, 2021, Ohio Civil War Central. 26 Sep 2021 <http://www.www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com/entry.php?rec=344>
"Camp Massillon." (2021) In Ohio Civil War Central, Retrieved September 26, 2021, from Ohio Civil War Central: http://www.www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com/entry.php?rec=344