Entries in Antebellum (Pre-1861)

Davis, Jefferson Finis
A graduate of the U.S. Military Academy, Mexican-American War veteran, U.S. Congressman, Senator, and Secretary of War, Jefferson Davis served as the first and only President of the Confederate States of America. Continue Reading »
Dennison, Jr., William
William Dennison, Jr., was the twenty-fourth Governor of Ohio, serving from January 9, 1860 through January 13, 1862. Dennison also served as Postmaster General of the United States from 1864 to 1866. Continue Reading »
Douglas, Stephen Arnold
Two-term United States Congressman and three-term United States Senator from Illinois Stephen A. Douglas was a prominent antebellum politician who championed popular sovereignty and was influential in the enactment of the Compromise of 1850 and the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854. Continue Reading »
Douglass, Frederick
After escaping from bondage on September 3, 1838, Frederick Douglass became a highly-acclaimed orator and writer supporting the abolition of slavery before the Civil War and the enactment of African American rights during Reconstruction. Continue Reading »
Dupree, William H.
William H. Dupree was an African-American Ohioan who served in the 55th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment during the American Civil War. Sources disagree regarding his birth date and birthplace, with some claiming that Dupree was born in 1838 in Chillicothe, in Ross County, Ohio, with other sources contending that he was born on March 13, 1839 in Petersburg, Virginia. The sources that argue that Dupree was born in Petersburg also contend that he was born a slave. Continue Reading »
Ewell, Richard Stoddert
Richard Stoddert Ewell was a prominent Confederate general during the American Civil War who has been tarnished by questions about his performance on the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg. Continue Reading »
Ewing, Charles
Charles Ewing was a lawyer, Catholic Church representative, and soldier, who served the Union army as a general officer in the Eastern and Western theaters during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Ewing, Hugh Boyle
Hugh Boyle Ewing was a lawyer, writer, ambassador and soldier, who served the Union army as a general officer in the Eastern and Western theaters during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Ewing, Thomas Jr.
Thomas Ewing, Jr., was a prominent Ohio lawyer and politician who served as a Union general in the West during the American Civil War. He was a United States Congressman after the war. Continue Reading »
Ewing,Thomas Sr.
Thomas Ewing Sr. was an influential Ohio lawyer and politician who served in the United States Senate, as United States Secretary of the Treasury, and as United States Secretary of the Interior. Continue Reading »
Fighting McCooks
During the American Civil War many family members fought alongside one another, and it is believed that at least fifteen members of the McCook family of Ohio fought in the war. Daniel McCook, eight of his sons, his brother John McCook, and his five sons fought for the Union. Continue Reading »
Floyd, John Buchanan
A political appointee with little military experience prior to the American Civil War, Brigadier-General John B. Floyd is most remembered for abandoning Fort Donelson in 1861 to avoid being captured by Federal soldiers. Continue Reading »
Forrest, Nathan Bedford
Known as "the Wizard of the Saddle," Nathan Bedford Forrest was a prominent Confederate cavalry officer whose reputation was stained by accusations regarding his role in the "Fort Pillow Massacre" on April 12, 1864. Continue Reading »
Foster, John Gray
A prominent general officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War, John G. Foster served briefly as commander of the Department of the Ohio from December 12, 1863 to February 9, 1864. Continue Reading »
Franklin, William B.
As commander of the 6th and 19th Army Corps, William B. Franklin served the Union in the Eastern and Western Theaters of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Freeport Doctrine
During the Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1856, Illinois Senator Stephen A. Douglas proposed the Freeport Doctrine, which held that citizens of territories could ban slavery, despite the 1856 Supreme Court decision in the case of Dred Scott v. Sandford. Continue Reading »
Fremont, John Charles
John C. Fremont was a famous American explorer, U.S. Senator from California, and controversial political general who served in both theaters of the American Civil War Continue Reading »
French, William H.
A career military officer, Major General William French commanded the 3rd Army Corps during the Civil War from July 1863 to March 1864 Continue Reading »
Fugitive Slave Act of 1793
When delegates to the Constitutional Convention assembled in Philadelphia in 1787, one of the more daunting tasks that they faced was resolving sectional differences between the North and South centered on the issue of slavery. After weeks of debate proved futile, the delegates negotiated a series of compromises that enabled them to proceed with their primary assignment of forming "a more perfect Union" between the separate states. Continue Reading »
Fugitive Slave Act of 1850
The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 was passed by Congress as one provision of the Compromise of 1850. The harsh terms of the act angered many Northerners and contributed to the sectional division over slavery that led to the American Civil War. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War