Entries in Antebellum (Pre-1861)

John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry
On October 16, 1859, militant abolitionist John Brown led an ill-fated assault on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, that intensified the sectional dispute over slavery and hastened the nation toward civil war. Continue Reading »
Johnson, Andrew
Born into poverty, Andrew Johnson rose to become the seventeenth President of the United States in 1865. Although acquitted in his trial before the U.S. Senate, Johnson remains one of only two presidents ever impeached by the House of Representatives. Continue Reading »
Johnson, Bushrod Rust
Ohio born Bushrod Rust Johnson was a major general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. Johnson commanded troops during many of the major battles in the Eastern and Western Theaters of the war. Continue Reading »
Johnston, Joseph E.
Joseph Eggleston Johnston was a Confederate military leader during the American Civil War, who received both criticism and praise for his defensive tactics during the Peninsula and Atlanta Campaigns. Continue Reading »
Kansas-Nebraska Act
The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 was introduced by Illinois Senator Stephen A. Douglas to expedite the formation of new territories in the Louisiana Purchase west of Missouri. Continue Reading »
Kautz, August Valentine
A prominent cavalry officer, Ohioan August Kautz served in the Union military in the Eastern and Western Theaters during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Kearny, Philip
Philip Kearny was a prominent Union general who was killed in action at the Battle of Chantilly during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Kentucky Resolutions
Primarily crafted by Thomas Jefferson in protest to the Alien and Sedition Acts, the Kentucky Resolutions declared that states had the authority to nullify federal legislation that they believed to be unconstitutional. Continue Reading »
Keyes, Erasmus D.
A prominent Union general officer, Erasmus D. Keyes was one of the original five corps commanders of the Army of the Potomac. Continue Reading »
Kidwell, Newton Jasper
Captured for the final time in 1919, fifty-four years after the American Civil War ended, Ohioan Newton Jasper Kidwell was possibly the last Confederate soldier taken prisoner by Union soldiers. Continue Reading »
Kilpatrick, Hugh Judson
A prominent Union cavalry officer, Major General Judson Kilpatrick served extensively in the eastern and western theaters of the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Kimmel, Manning Marius
Manning M. Kimmel was one of four West Point graduates to fight initially for the Union during the American Civil War before switching sides. Continue Reading »
Lee, Fitzhugh
A nephew of Robert E. Lee and a Confederate major general, Fitzhugh Lee served one term as governor of Virginia before commanding U.S. troops as a brigadier general during the Spanish-American War. Continue Reading »
Lee, Robert E.
Robert E. Lee was a prominent Confederate army officer who commanded the Army of Northern Virginia throughout most of the Civil War and who also served as General-in-Chief of Confederate forces near the end of the conflict. Continue Reading »
Lee, William Henry Fitzhugh
The second son of Robert E. Lee, W.H.F. "Rooney" Lee was a cavalry commander in the Army of Northern Virginia who later served in the U.S. House of Representatives during the 50th to the 52nd Congresses from March 4, 1887, until his death on October 15, 1891. Continue Reading »
Logan, John Alexander
Often referred to as "Black Jack" by his men, Major General John A. Logan rose from a volunteer with the Illinois Infantry in 1861, to command the Union Army of the Tennessee by the end of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Loring, William Wing
William W. Loring was a career soldier who served as an officer with the U.S. Army during the Mexican-American War, as a major general in the Confederate Army during the Civil War, and for ten years as an officer in the Egyptian Army. Continue Reading »
Lyon, Nathaniel
Infamous for his quick temper, Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon was killed during the Battle of Wilson's Creek, on August 9, 1861, making him the first Union general to die in combat during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Magruder, William Thomas
Captain William Thomas Magruder was one of four graduates of the United States Military Academy to resign his commission in the U.S. Army and join the Confederate Army after fighting for the Union during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Mahone, William
A prominent Confederate officer, Major General William Mahone served in nearly all of the major campaigns and battles in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War