Entries in Antebellum (Pre-1861)

Quantrill's Raiders
Quantrill's Raiders was a band of Confederate irregulars that employed guerrilla tactics to ambush Union army patrols and terrorize Northern sympathizers, primarily in Kansas during the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Quantrill, William Clarke
William C. Quantrill was a Confederate irregular whose band of raiders employed guerrilla tactics in the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the Civil War to harass Union troops and terrorize Northern sympathizers. Continue Reading »
Reynolds, Daniel Harris
Ohio-born Daniel Harris Reynolds was a Confederate general, who served in the Far Western and Western Theaters of operations during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Reynolds, John Fulton
One of the Union's leading general officers, Major General John F. Reynolds was killed during the first day of fighting at the Battle of Gettysburg on July 1, 1863. Continue Reading »
During the American Civil War, Rienzi was Union General Philip Sheridan’s favorite horse. This steed’s exploits became immortalized in prose and also helped President Abraham Lincoln win reelection in 1864. Continue Reading »
Ripley, Roswell Sabine
Ohio-born Roswell Sabine Ripley was a Confederate brigadier general, who served with the Department of South Carolina and the Army of Northern Virginia during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Schenck, Robert Cumming
Robert Cumming Schenck was an eight-time United States Congressman from Ohio and a major general in the Union army during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Scott v. Sandford
Dred Scott v. Sandford was a historic ruling by the United States Supreme Court that declared that people of African descent were not citizens of the United States and that Congress had no Constitutional authority to regulate slavery in U.S. territories. Continue Reading »
Scott, Winfield
Commander of all Federal forces at the beginning of the American Civil War, Lieutenant General Winfield Scott served as an officer in the United States Army for over fifty-three years. Continue Reading »
Sedgwick, John
Killed by a Confederate sharpshooter during the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House on May 9, 1864, Major General John Sedgwick was the highest ranking Union combat casualty during the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Seward, William H.
William Henry Seward was Governor of New York and a United States Senator. He also served as Secretary of State during the administration of Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson. During his tenure as Secretary of State, Seward brokered a deal with Russia for the United States to purchase Alaska. Continue Reading »
Seward, William H. - Senate "Higher Law" Speech on the Compromise of 1850 (Transcript)
Transcript of William H. Seward's "Higher Law" speech on the Compromise of 1850, delivered on the U.S. Senate floor on March 11, 1850. Continue Reading »
Shannon, Wilson
Fourteenth and sixteenth Governor of Ohio, Wilson Shannon also served as the second Governor of the Kansas Territory from August 10, 1855, to August 18, 1856, during the period known as Bleeding Kansas. Continue Reading »
Sickles, Daniel E.
Daniel Sickles was a Congressman, United States diplomat, and prominent Union Civil War general, who was infamous for his disreputable lifestyle before, during, and after the War Between the States. Continue Reading »
Sigel, Franz
During the American Civil War, Franz Sigel, one of President Abraham Lincoln's "political generals," achieved the rank of major general in the volunteer army and served as a corps commander with the Army of the Potomac. Continue Reading »
Slocum, Henry W.
One of the youngest major generals and corps commanders in the American Civil War, Henry Slocum led Union troops in many key battles of the Eastern and Western Theaters. Continue Reading »
Slough, John Potts
Ohioan John Potts Slough was a brigadier-general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Smith, Edmund Kirby
Kirby Smith was one of seven full general's in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. He was also the Confederacy's last full general to pass away. Continue Reading »
Smith, William F. "Baldy"
Commonly known as "Baldy," Major General William F. Smith was a prominent officer in both theaters of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Smith, William Sooy
A native of Tarlton, Ohio, Brigadier General William Sooy Smith served in many of the Western Theater's important campaigns during the Civil War. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War