Entries in Antebellum (Pre-1861)

South Carolina Exposition and Protest
In December 1828, United States Vice-President John C. Calhoun anonymously penned two documents collectively known as the South Carolina Exposition and Protest, which outlined his objections to the Tariff of 1828. Continue Reading »
South Carolina Ordinance of Nullification
On November 24, 1832, a special convention convened by the South Carolina Legislature approved the South Carolina Ordinance of Nullification, declaring the tariffs of 1828 and 1832 to be null and void in the State of South Carolina and threatening secession from the Union if the United States government attempted to use military force to enforce the tariffs. Continue Reading »
Stanley, David S.
Major General David S. Stanley was a prominent Union officer and Congressional Medal of Honor recipient, who served as commander of the 4th Army Corps in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Stanton, Edwin McMasters
Born in Steubenville, Ohio on December 19, 1814, Edwin McMasters Stanton's father and mother were David and Lucy Norman Stanton. Edwin Stanton was the eldest of seven children. Continue Reading »
Stanton, Elizabeth Cady
Co-organizer of the 1847 Seneca Falls Convention and co-author of numerous women's rights books and pamphlets, Elizabeth Cady Stanton was an influential leader in the women's suffrage movement and the broader struggle to secure equal rights for women. Continue Reading »
Stedman, William
William Stedman was a commander of the 6th Ohio Volunteer Cavalry Regiment who also served in the Ohio House of representatives and the Ohio Senate. Continue Reading »
Stevens, Isaac
Isaac Ingalls Stevens was a prominent Union general in the American Civil War who was killed during the Battle of Chantilly on September 1, 1862. Continue Reading »
Stevens, Thaddeus
One of the more powerful Congressional Representatives in U.S. history, Thaddeus Stevens was a dominant member of the Radical Republicans who crafted Congressional Reconstruction policies after the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Stith, Donald Chester
Colonel Donald Chester Stith (CSA) was one of four graduates of the United States Military Academy to join the Confederate Army after first fighting for the Union Army during the Civil War. Continue Reading »
Stoneman, George
A prominent Union cavalry officer, Major General George Stoneman commanded the cavalry corps of the Army of the Potomac and the cavalry corps of the Army of the Ohio. Continue Reading »
Stuart, J.E.B.
James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart was one of the greatest cavalry commanders in American history. Popularly known for his dashing image, Stuart inspired Southern morale with his daring raids and reconnaissance missions into enemy territory during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Sumner, Edwin V.
A prominent Union general officer, Edwin V. Sumner was the first new general to be appointed in the United States Army after the beginning of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Sykes, George
Major General George Sykes was a career United States Army officer, whose 5th Corps of the Army of the Potomac successfully defended Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg. Continue Reading »
Tariff of 1828
Also known as the Tariff of Abominations, the Tariff of 1828, prompted United States Vice-President John C. Calhoun to anonymously pen his Exposition and Protest, which invoked the doctrine of nullification in challenging the constitutionality of the act. Continue Reading »
Tariff of 1832
Enacted on July 14, 1832, the Tariff of 1832 was an attempt to address Southern grievances over the high protective duties imposed by the Tariff of 1828. Hostility toward the new tariff in South Carolina nearly led to civil war. Continue Reading »
Tariff of 1833
Approved by Congress on March 1, 1833 and signed by President Andrew Jackson the next day, the Tariff of 1833 was a compromise measure brokered by Senators Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun as part of a successful effort to resolve the Nullification Crisis of 1832-1833. Continue Reading »
Taylor, Richard
The son of United States President Zachary Taylor, Richard Taylor was a prominent Confederate general in the Eastern and Western theaters of the American Civil War Continue Reading »
Tod, David
David Tod was the twenty-fifth Governor of Ohio, serving from January 4, 1862 through January 11, 1864. He was Ohio's second governor during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Tribe of Dan
During the American Civil War many family members fought alongside one another, and it is believed that at least fifteen members of the McCook family of Ohio fought in the war. Daniel McCook, eight of his sons, his brother John McCook, and his five sons fought for the Union. Continue Reading »
Trotter, James Monroe
Born on February 7, 1842 (some sources state that he was born on November 8, 1842 or on February 8, 1842) in Grand Gulf, Mississippi, James Monroe Trotter was born a slave. His mother was Letitia, a slave, and his father was Richard S. Trotter, a white man and his owner. Trotter's father purportedly freed Trotter, Letitia, and Trotter's brother in 1856. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War