Entries in Reconstruction (1866-)

Ord, Edward Otho Cresap
A career United States Army officer, Edward O.C. Ord played major leadership roles in both theaters of the American Civil War and as commander of the Department of the Ohio at the conclusion of hostilities. Continue Reading »
Parker, Ely Samuel
Ely Samuel Parker was General Ulysses S. Grant’s personal secretary for the last years of the American Civil War. He also served as Commissioner of Indian Affairs during Grant’s presidency. Continue Reading »
Pemberton, John Clifford
Vilified by Northerners for leaving the U.S. Army to fight for the South, and by Southerners for surrendering Vicksburg, Pennsylvanian, John C. Pemberton rose to the rank of lieutenant general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Pendleton, George H.
George Hunt Pendleton was a Democratic Congressman and Senator from Ohio. A leading Peace Democrat during the American Civil War, Pendleton was also the sponsor of the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act of 1883. Continue Reading »
Pickett, George
A prominent Confederate commander during the American Civil War, George Edward Pickett is most remembered for leading a failed assault at Cemetery Ridge during the Battle of Gettysburg. Continue Reading »
Pillow, Gideon Johnson
A political appointee with little military experience prior to the American Civil War, Brigadier-General Gideon J. Pillow is most remembered for abandoning Fort Donelson in 1861 to avoid being captured by Federal soldiers. Continue Reading »
Pleasonton, Alfred
A prominent Union cavalry officer, Major General Alfred Pleasonton commanded the Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Potomac during the Gettysburg Campaign. Continue Reading »
Pope, John
Major General John Pope was a prominent and controversial army officer who commanded the Union Army of Virginia at the Battle of Bull Run II. Continue Reading »
Porter, Fitz John
Fitz John Porter was a corps commander with the Union Army, whose career was ruined by court martial proceedings over his performance at the Battle of Bull Run II. Continue Reading »
Presidential Proclamation 148
On December 1, 1865, President Andrew Johnson issued Presidential Proclamation 148 revoking the suspension of the writ of habeas corpus in the U.S. except in specified states and territories. Continue Reading »
Presidential Proclamation 153
On April 2, 1866, President Andrew Johnson issued Presidential Proclamation 153 declaring the the Civil War was over and that peace was restored in all areas of the U.S. except the Texas. Continue Reading »
Presidential Proclamation 157
On August 20, 1866, U.S. President Andrew Johnson issued Presidential Proclamation 157 declaring that the Civil War was "at an end and that peace, order, tranquillity, and civil authority now exist in and throughout the whole of the United States of America." Continue Reading »
Price, Sterling
Sterling Price was an antebellum governor of Missouri, United States Congressman, and prominent Confederate commander in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Reconstruction Acts
The Reconstruction Acts were four bills passed by the United States Congress between March 2, 1867 and March 11, 1868 that established criteria and procedures for former Confederate states, excluding Tennessee, to regain readmission to the Union. Continue Reading »
Reynolds, Daniel Harris
Ohio-born Daniel Harris Reynolds was a Confederate general, who served in the Far Western and Western Theaters of operations during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
During the American Civil War, Rienzi was Union General Philip Sheridan’s favorite horse. This steed’s exploits became immortalized in prose and also helped President Abraham Lincoln win reelection in 1864. Continue Reading »
Ripley, Roswell Sabine
Ohio-born Roswell Sabine Ripley was a Confederate brigadier general, who served with the Department of South Carolina and the Army of Northern Virginia during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Schenck, Robert Cumming
Robert Cumming Schenck was an eight-time United States Congressman from Ohio and a major general in the Union army during the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Scott, Winfield
Commander of all Federal forces at the beginning of the American Civil War, Lieutenant General Winfield Scott served as an officer in the United States Army for over fifty-three years. Continue Reading »
Sedgwick, John
Killed by a Confederate sharpshooter during the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House on May 9, 1864, Major General John Sedgwick was the highest ranking Union combat casualty during the Civil War. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War