Abolition During the Civil War

Bowles, John R.
Born on June 13, 1826 in Lynchburg, Virginia, John R. Bowles eventually moved to Ohio, settling in the vicinity of Chillicothe in Ross County. Here, Bowles married Sarah Jane Bryant in 1848. Continue Reading »
Brown, John
John Brown was an ardent abolitionist whose raid on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry in October 1859 intensified the sectional dispute over slavery in the United States and hastened the nation toward civil war. Continue Reading »
Civil Rights Act of 1866
Enacted by Congress over President Andrew Johnson's veto, the Civil Rights Act of 1866 aimed to counter Black Codes enacted by Southern states by validating the citizenship of former slaves and endowing them with specific, federally-guaranteed, civil rights Continue Reading »
Douglass, Frederick
After escaping from bondage on September 3, 1838, Frederick Douglass became a highly-acclaimed orator and writer supporting the abolition of slavery before the Civil War and the enactment of African American rights during Reconstruction. Continue Reading »
Dupree, William H.
William H. Dupree was an African-American Ohioan who served in the 55th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment during the American Civil War. Sources disagree regarding his birth date and birthplace, with some claiming that Dupree was born in 1838 in Chillicothe, in Ross County, Ohio, with other sources contending that he was born on March 13, 1839 in Petersburg, Virginia. The sources that argue that Dupree was born in Petersburg also contend that he was born a slave. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 11, (Department of the South)
On May 9, 1862, Major General David Hunter, commanding the Department of the South, issued General Orders, No. 11, freeing all slaves in Georgia, Florida, and South Carolina. President Abraham Lincoln rescinded this order on May 19, 1862. Continue Reading »
Gillmore, Quincy A.
Major General Quincy A. Gillmore won military acclaim for his use of rifled artillery during the reduction of Fort Pulaski in 1862. Continue Reading »
John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry
On October 16, 1859, militant abolitionist John Brown led an ill-fated assault on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, that intensified the sectional dispute over slavery and hastened the nation toward civil war. Continue Reading »
McPherson, James Birdseye
Killed during the Battle of Atlanta on July 22, 1864, Commander of the Army of the Tennessee Major General James Birdseye McPherson was the highest-ranking Ohioan serving in the United States military to die in the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Missouri Compromise
In addition to paving the way for the admission of Missouri and Maine to the Union, the Missouri Compromise established the tenet that Congress could regulate slavery in the territories even though the Constitution did not address the issue. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War