Anti-War Sentiment in Ohio During the Civil War

General Orders, No. 38 (DOO)
Major-General Ambrose Burnside issued General Orders No. 38 on April 13, 1863 in an effort to silence opponents of the Civil War in the Department of the Ohio. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 84 (Department of the Ohio)
On June 1, 1863, Major General Ambrose E. Burnside issued General Orders, No. 84 (Department of the Ohio) suppressing the distribution of the New York World and the publication of the Chicago Times because of their anti-war rhetoric. Continue Reading »
McClellan, George B.
During the American Civil War, George Brinton McClellan twice served as the commanding general of the Army of the Potomac and briefly as the general-in-chief of all Union armies. Continue Reading »
Medary, Samuel
Samuel Medary was a prominent Ohio newspaper publisher. During the American Civil War, his newspaper, the Crisis, was a nationally prominent voice for Peace Democrats. Continue Reading »
Militia Act of 1862
During the American Civil War, the Militia Act of 1862 boosted the size of the Union's armed forces by authorizing the enlistment of African Americans and by empowering the president to order governors to draft citizens into state militias to meet federal manpower quotas. Continue Reading »
Order Authorizing Arrests of Persons Discouraging Enlistments
On August 8, 1862, Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton issued a special order authorizing law enforcement officials to arrest anyone engaged in discouraging volunteer enlistments or engaged in disloyal practices against the United States. Continue Reading »
Order of American Knights
Numerous Northerners opposed the Civil War. Most opponents usually utilized peaceful forms of protest to object to the war and referred to themselves as Peace Democrats, while their opponents nicknamed them Copperheads after the venomous snake. There were numerous reasons why the Peace Democrats opposed the Union war effort. Continue Reading »
Order To Prevent Evasion Of Military Duty And For The Suppression of Disloyal Practices
On August 8, 1862, Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, under the authority of President Abraham Lincoln, issued an order making it it illegal of men eligible for conscription to leave the United States and suspending the constitutionally guaranteed writ of habeas corpus for persons accused of disloyal activites. Continue Reading »
Peace Democrats
A majority of Northerners supported the Union war effort, yet a sizable and vocal minority opposed the conflict. Most of the opponents, the Copperheads, preferred a peaceful resolution to the war, with some of these people even calling on the North simply to leave the seceded Confederate states alone. Continue Reading »
Pendleton, George H.
George Hunt Pendleton was a Democratic Congressman and Senator from Ohio. A leading Peace Democrat during the American Civil War, Pendleton was also the sponsor of the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act of 1883. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War