Politics in Ohio During the Civil War

Fort Fizzle, Battle of
In 1863, due to the declining number of volunteers, the United States government instituted the Conscription Act. Under this directive, which was also referred to as the Enrollment Act, the federal government required states to furnish a certain number of soldiers based on each state's population. Continue Reading »
Freeport Doctrine
During the Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1856, Illinois Senator Stephen A. Douglas proposed the Freeport Doctrine, which held that citizens of territories could ban slavery, despite the 1856 Supreme Court decision in the case of Dred Scott v. Sandford. Continue Reading »
Fugitive Slave Act of 1850
The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 was passed by Congress as one provision of the Compromise of 1850. The harsh terms of the act angered many Northerners and contributed to the sectional division over slavery that led to the American Civil War. Continue Reading »
Gag Rule
The gag rule consisted of a series of changes to the rules of the U.S. House of Representatives that prohibited the introduction of petitions related to slavery between 1836 and 1844. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 104 (U.S. War Department)
On August 13, 1862, the U.S. War Department issued General Orders, No. 104, announcing President Abraham Lincoln's executive order prohibiting citizens liable for the draft from leaving the United States, and suspending the writ of habeas corpus for persons arrested for disloyal practices. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 38 (DOO)
Major-General Ambrose Burnside issued General Orders No. 38 on April 13, 1863 in an effort to silence opponents of the Civil War in the Department of the Ohio. Continue Reading »
General Orders, No. 84 (Department of the Ohio)
On June 1, 1863, Major General Ambrose E. Burnside issued General Orders, No. 84 (Department of the Ohio) suppressing the distribution of the New York World and the publication of the Chicago Times because of their anti-war rhetoric. Continue Reading »
Giddings, Joshua Reed
Joshua Giddings was a leader in the founding of the Republican Party and an outspoken opponent of the extension of slavery during his twenty-year career as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Continue Reading »
Jewett, Hugh Judge
On July 1, 1817, Jewett was born in Deer Creek, Maryland. As a child, his parents enrolled Jewett in the Hopewell Academy, a preparatory school in Chester County, Pennsylvania. Upon completing the Hopewell Academy‚Äôs coursework, Jewett moved to Elkton, Maryland, where he studied to become an attorney. Continue Reading »
Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War
The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War was a Congressional committee established in 1861 to "inquire into the conduct" of the American Civil War. Continue Reading »

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Ohio Civil War Central: An Encyclopedia of the American Civil War