In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units.
In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with 260 regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units. Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. Almost 330,000 Ohio men, including 5,092 African Americans, served in the Union military during the conflict.
Infantry regiments formed in Ohio became known as regiments of Ohio Volunteer Infantry. They served for varying lengths of time, averaging one hundred days to three years. In 1864, the governors of several Northern states convinced federal authorities to call up state militia forces for regular military duty. The governors believed that these militiamen would free regular soldiers currently serving in forts or guarding other important sites in Northern states for duty with the Union's invading armies in the Confederacy. Hopefully this surge of men, known as Hundred Days' Men, would allow the North to defeat the South in one hundred days or less while keeping Northern states safe from Confederate attack and anti-war unrest.
On May 10, 1864, the 145th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry mustered into service at Camp Chase, at Columbus, Ohio. The men in the regiment were to serve one hundred days. Authorities immediately dispatched the 145th to Washington, DC, where the regiment garrisoned Forts Whipple, Woodbury, Cass, Albany, and Tillinghast on the southern side of Washington's defenses along Arlington Heights. The regiment garrisoned these forts for the duration of its term of service. On August 20, 1864, officials ordered the 145th to return to Columbus. The regiment traveled to Columbus via the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, the North Central Railroad, the Pennsylvania Central Railroad, among others. On August 23, 1864, the 145th mustered out of service at Camp Chase.
During the 145th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry’s term of service, ten men perished from disease or accidents, while no men died from wounds received on the battlefield.