With the Civil War’s outbreak, both the North and the South were ill prepared for the conflict. Ohio Governor William Dennison hoped to utilize the state’s militia forces to assist President Abraham Lincoln in reuniting the nation.
With the Civil War's outbreak, both the North and the South were ill prepared for the conflict. Ohio Governor William Dennison hoped to utilize the state's militia forces to assist President Abraham Lincoln in reuniting the nation. Unfortunately for Dennison, many of Ohio's militia units were no longer in existence. Those units that continued to operate were primarily social organizations that rarely practiced military maneuvers. Following the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina, in April 1861, President Lincoln called for seventy-five thousand volunteers to subdue the Confederate States of America. Despite the lack of a well-trained militia, Governor Dennison beseeched communities to send their militia companies to Columbus, Ohio for possible use by the North during the American Civil War
To process Ohio's volunteers, Governor Dennison ordered the creation of Camp Jackson at Columbus. To help speed soldiers' inductions into Ohio's military, Dennison soon authorized the establishment of other camps across the state, including Camp Wade at Cleveland, Ohio. In 1862, officials replaced Camp Wade with Camp Cleveland. Located in the modern-day University Heights District of Cleveland, Camp Wade remained in use only during 1861. The 41st Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, the 14th Ohio Independent Battery of Ohio Volunteer Artillery, and the 2nd Regiment Ohio Volunteer Cavalry organized at Camp Wade.