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Civil War Documents

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Tenure of Office Act

March 2, 1867 Following President Abraham Lincoln's death on April 15, 1865, Vice President Andrew Johnson assumed the presidency. Johnson chose to keep Edwin … Read more

Thirteenth Amendment

1865 Approved by Congress on January 31, 1865 and ratified by the states on December 6, 1865, the Thirteenth Amendment abolished the practice of … Read more

Transcription of Letter from Ephraim S. Weaver to Samuel and Mary Weaver

October 4, 1863 On October 4, 1863, Private Ephraim S. Weaver, a member of Co. K, 68th Regiment, OVI, wrote to his parents, Samuel … Read more

Virginia Resolutions

December 24, 1798 Drafted by James Madison and adopted by the Virginia General Assembly on December 24, 1798, the Virginia Resolutions asserted that, collectively, … Read more

Wade-Davis Bill

1864 Co-authored by Ohio Senator Benjamin Wade and Maryland Congressman Henry Winter Davis in 1864, the Wade-Davis Bill was an attempt to impose harsh … Read more

William H. Seward–Senate “Higher Law” Speech on the Compromise of 1850 (Transcript)

March 11, 1850 Transcript of William H. Seward's "Higher Law" speech on the Compromise of 1850, delivered on the U.S. Senate floor on March … Read more

Wilmot Proviso

1846 Introduced by Congressman David Wilmot, but never enacted, the Wilmot Proviso would have banned the spread of slavery into territories Mexico ceded to … Read more